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Published: Wed, January 18, 2017
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Aortic aneurysm: - WomenHeart: The National Coalition for Women with Heart Disease

Aortic aneurysm: - WomenHeart: The National Coalition for Women with Heart Disease

Most of the aneurysms occur in the aorta.

The aorta is the main artery that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body. The aorta leaves the left ventricle of the heart and extends through the thorax and abdomen.

There are two types of aortic aneurysm:

Thoracic aortic aneurysm:
Aortic aneurysm that occurs in the part of the aorta that extends through the chest (chest). One in four Aneurysms of the aorta is a thoracic aortic aneurysm. Most thoracic aortic aneurysms do not produce symptoms, even if they are large. Only half of the people with thoracic aortic aneurysm are aware of some symptoms. Thoracic aortic aneurysms are most commonly identified now, due to computed tomography (CT) of the chest performed by other medical problems. In a common type of thoracic aortic aneurysm, the walls of the aorta weaken and a section near the heart enlarges. Then the valve between the heart and the aorta can not close properly and blood flows back, back to the heart. Less commonly, thoracic aortic aneurysm can develop in the upper back, away from the heart. A thoracic aortic aneurysm at this site may result from a chest injury, such as one due to an automobile accident.

Abdominal aortic aneurysm: Aortic aneurysm that occurs in the part of the aorta that extends through the abdomen. Three out of four aortic aneurysms are abdominal aortic aneurysms. An abdominal aortic aneurysm can become very large without producing symptoms. About 1 in 5 abdominal aortic aneurysms rupture.

Signs and symptoms

When symptoms are present, these include:

Deep and penetrating pain in the back or side of the abdomen

Sharp, constant pain in the abdomen lasting hours or days < / P>

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Cold, numbness or tingling in the feet due to blockage in blood flow in the legs

If an abdominal aortic aneurysm ruptures, symptoms may include: P> Sudden and severe pain in the lower abdomen and back

Nausea and vomiting

Wet and sweaty skin

Rapid heart rate when standing < Internal shock resulting from the rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm can put it into a state of shock. Shock is a life-threatening condition because the organs of the body do not receive enough blood flow. A thoracic aortic aneurysm (chest) may show no symptoms until the aneurysm begins to lose blood or to grow signs or symptoms may in (Or other part of the back) or chest

Cough, hoarseness, or trouble breathing

P> Most aneurysms (3 out of 4) are by chance when a diagnostic test, such as an X-ray or an ultrasound, is performed for a different reason. Many cases of ruptured aneurysms can be prevented with early diagnosis and medical treatment. Drugs and surgery are the two main treatments for the aneurysm. Medications may be indicated before surgery or instead of surgery. To prevent an aneurysm and keep your blood vessels healthy, quit smoking, eat low-fat, low-cholesterol foods, get regular physical activity, and control high blood pressure and high cholesterol.

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