Published: Sun, January 22, 2017
World | By Tasha Manning

Heat related illnesses (heat cramps, heat stroke and heat stroke)

Heat related illnesses (heat cramps, heat stroke and heat stroke)

Exposure to abnormal or prolonged amounts of heat and moisture without relief or adequate fluid intake can lead to various types of heat-related illness. hot. Children and adolescents adapt more slowly than adults to changes in environmental heat. They also produce more heat with physical activity than adults and sweat less. Sweat is one of the body's normal mechanisms to lower the temperature. Children and adolescents often do not think about resting when they are having fun and may not drink enough fluids when they play, exercise or participate in sports.

Children and adolescents with chronic health problems, or Those taking certain medications may be more susceptible to heat-related illnesses. Overweight children and teens or those who wear warm clothing when they make efforts, such as orchestral or football uniforms, are also more susceptible.

There are three types of heat related illness: P>

Heat cramp

Heat stroke

What are Heat cramps? Heat cramps are the mildest form of heat injury and are painful muscle cramps and spasms that occur during and after intense physical exercise and abundant sweating with very high temperatures What is heat stroke?

Heat stroke is more serious than lso heat cramps and is the result of a loss of water and salt from the body. It occurs in conditions of extreme heat and excessive sweating without adequate replacement of fluids and salts. Heat stroke occurs when the body can not lose heat properly and, if left untreated, can go forward until it becomes a heat stroke.

What is heat stroke?

The following are the most common symptoms of heat-related injuries. However, each teenager may experience them differently. In addition, specific treatment will be determined by the adolescent's physician and may include some or all of the following options:

First Aid and Treatment

Pain cramps, especially in the legs

Move the person to a cool place and let it rest.

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Provide fresh sports drinks that have salts And sugar, such as Gatorade.

Stretch the cramp muscles slowly and gently.

  • Pale and damp skin

  • Fever usually above 100, 4 ° F (or 38 ° C) Anxiety and a feeling of weakness


  • Move the person to a cool and

  • If there is no improvement or the person can not ingest liquids, call your teen's doctor or take him to the guard Immediately. It may be necessary to give fluids intravenously (IV).

High fever, usually more than 104 ° F

There is a possibility of seizures, coma and death

  • Call 911 or your local emergency service. Heat stroke is a life-threatening medical emergency and a doctor should treat it.

  • Remove excess clothing and soak the skin with fresh water, fan the skin. / P>

  • Putting ice packs in the armpit and groin area.

  • Offer fresh liquid if the person is alert and You can drink.

How can you prevent heat stroke?

Among the general guidelines to help protect your child Adolescent of heat illnesses are:

  • Drink plenty of fluids during vigorous outdoor activities (including sunbathing), especially on hot days. Recommended drinks include water and sports drinks. Avoid alcohol and caffeinated beverages such as tea, coffee and cola drinks, as they can cause dehydration.

  • Make sure your teenager dresses with Light colors and tight fabric on hot days.

  • Set vigorous activities and sport for cooler times of the day. Make breaks in cool, shady areas.

  • Make sure your teen is protected from the sun and wears a hat, sunglasses, and umbrella. Use a sun protection factor of at least 15 SFP.

  • Gradually increase the time you spend in the open air for your teenager's body to become accustomed to the heat.

  • Teach teenagers to take frequent breaks to drink liquid and "get wet" or sprinkle with a sprayer to avoid excessive heat. P> Try to spend as much time as possible indoors on very hot and humid days.
  • Teach your teenager to warm up and cool before and after exercise.

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