Published: Mon, February 27, 2017
World | By Tasha Manning

Vaginitis: Causes, symptoms, and treatment - Medical News Today

Vaginitis: Causes, symptoms, and treatment - Medical News Today

Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina. It usually results from an infection. The patient is usually a discharge, itching, burning, and possibly pain.

It is a common condition, and most women will have it at least once at some time in their life.

The vagina is The muscular canal that runs from the cervix to the outside of the body, lined by a mucus membrane. It has an average length of about 6 to 7 inches.

The only part of the vagina that is normally visible from the outside is the vaginal opening.


Vaginitis can lead to severe irritation and discomfort.

The most common symptoms of vaginitis include: irritation of the genital area


discharge that may be white, gray, watery, or foamy inflammation, leading to redness and swelling of the labia majora, labia minora, and perineal area, mainly due to an excess of immune Cells dysuria, which is pain or discomfort when urinating painful sexual intercourse, known as dyspareunia foul or fishy vaginal odor >

Types and causes of vaginitis

There are several types of vaginitis, depending on the cause.

Infection is the most common cause of vaginitis, including candidiasis, bacterial vaginosis, and trichomoniasis. After puberty, infectious vaginitis accounts for 90 percent of cases.

Less commonly, vaginitis may also be caused by gonorrhea, chlamydia, mycoplasma, herpes, campylobacter, some parasites, and poor hygiene.

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Vaginitis can occur before puberty, but different types of Bacteria may be involved. Before puberty, Streptococcus spp is a more likely cause, sometimes because improper hygiene practices spread bacteria from the anal area to the genitals.

The proximity of the vagina to the anus, lack Of estrogen, lack of pubic hair, and lack of lipstick may increase the risk of vulvovaginitis in before puberty. Vulvovaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina and vulva. It can affect women of all ages.

After puberty, infection is most often due to Gardnerella .

For example, to condoms, spermicides, certain soaps and perfumes, douches, topical medications, lubricants, and even semen.

Irritation from a tampon also causes vaginitis in some women. Factors that increase the risk of vaginitis include:

  • pregnancy
  • Douching and using vaginal products, such as sprays, spermicides, Using antibiotics
  • wearing tight pants or damp underwear
  • low estrogen levels during menopause

Women with diabetes are particularly prone to vaginitis. >

Diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

The doctor will carry out physical examination and ask about medical history. A sample of discharge may be taken to try to determine the cause of the inflammation.

Treatment depends on the cause. It may include low-potency topical steroids, applied to the skin, topical or oral antibiotics, antifungals, or antibacterial creams.

Antifungal or antibiotic drugs can treat vaginitis. >

Bacterial vaginitis (BV) is usually treated with antibiotics, such as metronidazole (Flagyl), or clindamycin.

Medications used to treat fungal infection include butoconazole and clotrimazole. > Other options include:

Cortisone cream to treat severe irritation. Antihistamines , if the inflammation appears to

If a woman is pregnant , She should make sure her doctor knows, because vaginitis can affect the fetus, and because some treatment options may not be suitable.


The following best practices will help prevent vaginitis:

  • good hygiene, using my Ld soap without irritants or scents
  • wear cotton underwear
  • avoiding douching and irritating agents, found in hygiene sprays, soaps, and other feminine products
  • always wiping from wearing loose clothing
  • practicing safe sex
  • use antibiotics only when necessary by Christian Nordqvist You can learn more about vaginal yeast infections here.

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