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Published: Пт, Апреля 07, 2017
World | By Tasha Manning

Alcohol abuse increases risk of pneumonia | EurekAlert! Science News

Alcohol abuse increases risk of pneumonia | EurekAlert! Science News

The results of a paper published in the journal Chest (129 (5): 1219-25) show that people who are consuming or ex-consuming alcohol have m The risk of suffering from extra-hospital pneumonia. Although no increase in mortality is observed, the severity of the disease is aggravated and, therefore, there is an increase in morbidity and complications. The study was led by the Multidisciplinary Group of Pneumonias of the Hospital Cl nic of Barcelona, ​​headed by Dr. Antoni Torres of the Institut Cl nic del T rax and head of the IDIBAPS Maneig i prevenci Les malalties pulmonars.

The increased risk of pneumonia from alcohol users is due to the fact that the activity of your immune system decreases. This decrease is not only observed in current consumers, but also can be observed in people who were in the past. The daily amount of alcohol ingested to include patients in the abusive study group was 80 g in men and 60 g in women, equivalent to 2 3 glasses of beer plus 3 4 glasses of wine.

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The results are especially relevant given that alcohol is the most common drug of abuse in Spain, causing a total of 12,000 deaths a year. To this fact one must add that pneumonia is a very frequent disease, with 10 patients per 1,000 inhabitants per year in Catalonia. This figure is multiplied if we look at the population over 65 years. Therefore, the consequences of this study, such as the possible vaccination of alcohol users or ex-consumers against pneumococ, would affect a large number of patients. Alcohol consumption could become a risk factor or aggravation to consider in cases of extra-hospital pneumonia.

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