Published: Mon, July 24, 2017
World | By Tasha Manning

Sinusitis - how long, catch, body, last, contagious, causes

Sinusitis - how long, catch, body, last, contagious, causes

Sinusitis (sy-nyoo-SY-tis) is an inflammation of the sinuses (SY-nuh-ses), the hollow chambers or cavities located in the bones of the face that surround the nose. KEYWORDS

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What Causes Sinusitis?

There are four pairs of paranasal sinuses (the sinuses surrounding the nose):

  • The frontal sinuses are in the forehead and over the eyebrows.
  • The ethmoid (ETH-moyd) sinuses are between the eyes at the bridge of the nose.
  • The sphenoid (SFEE-noyd) sinuses are behind the ethmoid sinuses.
  • The maxillary (MAX-ih-lary) sinuses are in the cheekbones.

mucous membranes are the moist linings of the mouth, nose, eyes, and throat.

The sinuses and the narrow tube-like structures that link them to the nasal passages are lined with the same mucous membranes that line the nose. Colds, allergies, and exposure to some chemicals can cause swelling and inflammation in the lining of the sinus passages and block sinus drainage. Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Nu-MO-nye), viruses, and fungi that live in the body may become trapped, multiply, and invade the inflamed sinuses.

People with allergies, asthma, and cystic fibrosis are more likely to have sinus infections. Are people with a weakened immune system, such as those who have AIDS or cancer; People with narrow sinus passages or with growths or blockages in the nasal area, such as tumors or polyps; And people with previously broken or deformed nasal bones. The risk of sinusitis is also higher when people swim or dive, because of the pressure this activity puts on the sinus cavities.

Are There Different Types of Sinusitis?

cystic fibrosis (SIS-tik fy-BRO-sis) is a disease that causes the body to produce thick mucus that clogs passages in many of the body's organs, including the lungs.

polyps (PAH-lips) are bumps or growths usually on the lining or surface of a body part (such as the nose or intestine). Their size ranges from small to large enough to cause pain or obstruction. They may be harmless, but they may also be cancerous.

acute describes an infection or other illness that comes on suddenly and usually does not last very long.

chronic (KRAH-nik) means continuing for a long period of time.

How Common Is Sinusitis?

The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases estimates that every year 37 million people in the United States have sinusitis.

Is Sinusitis Contagious?

No one can catch a sinus infection from another person, but the viruses and bacteria that causes colds and other respiratory tract infections that can trigger sinusitis may spread from person to person in drops of fluid from the nose or mouth . When people cough, sneeze, laugh, or talk, they can transmit germs to their hands, to the surfaces around them, and into the air. Other people can breathe in the germs or touch contaminated surfaces with their hands and spread the germs to their noses and mouths.

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This X ray shows, on the right side of the X ray, an example of the inflammation associated with sinusitis. If the patient's sinusitis is severe, the doctor may recommend surgery to help drainage of the sinus cavities. What are the Symptoms of Sinusitis? What is the Symptoms of Sinusitis?

Sinusitis is suspected if cold symptoms last for more than 10 days or if sinusitis symptoms are present. A doctor may order X rays or a computerized tomography (CT) scan to determine whether the sinuses are inflamed.

How Is Treated Sinusitis?

Bacterial sinusitis usually clears up after treatment with antibiotics. There is no specific treatment for sinusitis caused by a virus. People can try to highlight the symptoms of sinusitis in several ways. They can take acetaminophen to help ease the pain and use nonprescription decongestants (deekon-JES-tents), taken by mouth or in sprays, to lessen stuffiness. Using a decongestant nasal spray for more than a few days, however, may itself cause swelling of the sinuses and slow recovery. Saline or salt sprays may also reduce swelling in the sinuses. Placing a warm compress over the infected sinuses, using a steam vaporizer, or sitting in a warm, steamy bathroom can help as well. Doctors may prescribe special nasal sprays or oral (by mouth) medications for people with chronic sinusitis who have allergies that contribute to the infection. In some cases, people with severe chronic sinusitis may undergo surgery to enlarge their sinus passages, to remove a polyp, or to fix a deviated septum that might be blocking sinus drainage.

respiratory tract includes the nose, mouth, throat, and lungs. It is the pathway through which air and gases are transported down into the lungs and back out of the body.

mucus (MYOO-kus) is a thick, slippery substance that lines the insides of many body parts.

computerized tomography (kom-PYOO-ter-ized toe-MAH-gruh-fee) Machine takes many X rays of the body to create a three-dimensional picture.

acetaminophen (uh-see-teh-MIH-noh-fen) is a commonly used medication to reduce fever and relief pain.

How Long Will It Last?

Complications of sinusitis are rare, although they do occur. Sinusitis can cause osteomyelitis when the infection from the sinus spreads into the bones of the face or skull, or it can lead to an infection of the brain tissue or meningitis (inflammation of the meninges). The sinus infection also can spread to the tissues surrounding the eyes.

Can Sinusitis Be Prevented?

Because there is no practical way to prevent all colds or to eliminate all allergies, sinusitis is not entirely preventable. People can limit their exposure to the viruses and bacteria that cause the infections by washing their hands thoroughly and frequently and by not sharing eating or drinking utensils. Smoking and avoiding exposure to tobacco smoke can also help limit the risk of sinusitis. It is wise for people with allergies to avoid the things that trigger their allergy symptoms and to control their allergies with the recommended treatment by their doctors. Drinking plenty of fluids and keeping the air in the house moist by using vaporizer to help thin mucus and prevent its buildup in the sinuses. Limiting alcohol consumption may also help, because alcohol can cause nasal membranes to swell.

vaporizer is a device that converts water into a vapor, a suspension of tiny droplets that hang in the air and can be inhaled. Is a condition in which the wall of tissue between the nasal passages, the septum, divides the passageways unevenly, sometimes causing breathing difficulties and blockage of sinus drainage.

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