Published: Sun, July 09, 2017
World | By Tasha Manning

World Religions: Hinduism Chapter Review

World Religions: Hinduism Chapter Review

Hinduism: 1.) Explain the meaning of the term Moksha . Moksha means "liberation". The Hindu can achieve moksha through good karma. You strengthen your karma through darma (your "ethical duty").

2.) What doctrine says that all reality is ultimately one? Give an analogy that describes it.
Monism is the doctrine that states that all reality is ultimately one. One analogy of monism is that rivers, lakes, ponds, and oceans appear quite different, however they are all made up of water.

3.) Define Brahman and Atman. How are the two related?
Brahman is the "essence of all things". Brahman is the ground of a Hindu's existence, and the "source of the universe." Similarly, Atman is the "eternal self". It is the "ultimate reality" within a Hindu.
4.) What is the general function of Hinduism's many deities?
Hindu's believe that all 330 million deities are extensions of one's ultimate reality. ("Many names for one ocean, many" masks for one God ".)

5.) Give a brief explanation of the doctrine of Samsara. Is the doctrine that states that the individual is reincarnated from one life to another.

6.) What is the name of Hinduism's most popular, sacred text? Hinduism is the Rig-Veda.It is over 4,000 years old (it is about 1500 BC).

7) According to Hinduism, what are the two principles that connect the divine to this world? Explain each.
The two divine principles that connect the divine to this world are karma and dharma Karma means "action" or "deeds." It is in the particular circumstances and situations of one's life. Duty ", based on the divine order of reality. Dharma is" the complete rule of life ".

9.) In the Bhagavad-Gita, why does Krishna encourage Arjuna to engage in war?
Krishna encourages Arjuna by telling him that no one of the people that will fight will actually exist. He tells Arjuna that although he fears the lives of his family members and friends on the opposing side, in the harm will actually come to them, their souls are unbreakable. Even if their physical beign falls in this life, their soul remains intact, and is able to return to Earth in a different form.

10.) Identify and briefly explain the four stages of life :
1.) The Student - studies the Veda The Vedas)

2.) - assigned the tasks of pursuing a career, and raising a family.
3.) The Forest Dweller - marked by the birth of the first grandchild, the individual retreats from worldly bonds in order to engage fully in a spiritual quest.
4.) Sannyasin - the individual becomes a "wandering ascetic", and (if he chooses) returns to society after being apart for the "Forest Dweler" stage.

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11.) Name and briefly describes the four goals of life : 1.) Sensual Pleasure - Karma
2.) Material Wealth - Artha
3.) Doing your Duty - Dharma
4.) Bliss - Moksha

P> 12.) Identify the three paths to liberation . Which person is best suited for each path?
1.) Karma - Those who do work. Thoser who actively do good.
2.) Bhakti Marga - Those who are devoted. People who devote themselves to a particular god.
3.) Jhana Marga - Knowledge. Those who pursue Hindi philosophy.

13.) What are the three most important schools of Hindu philosophy? What is the basic task that concers all three? 1.) Vedanta ​​strong>
2.) Sankhya Strong>

14.) Identify three important gods or goddesses of Hinduism: 1.) Vishnu
2.) Shiva
3.) Kali

15.) What is an avitar? Name two important Hindu figures identified as avitars. Anavitar is an incarnation of a diety. Two important Hindu avitars are: 1.) Krishna
2.) Rama

16. ) What Hindu text is most closely associated with bhakti- marga?
The jnana marga is the most closely associated with the bhakti- marga.

17.) Identify three aspects of Hindu devotional life: Household and Villiage rituals
2.) Holy places
3.) Veneration of the ever present and much adored sacred cows .

18.) How did Mahatma Gandi influence Hinduism?
Gandhi served the social and political reformer fo the Hindu people. He is also well known for his prominent role as a relligious reformer. I have mae many efforts to stand up to oppression through non-violence and civil disobedience. In 1948, the Indian government officially forbade discrimination against outcastes (untouchables). In 1948, the Indian government officially forbade discrimination against outcastes (untouchables).

20.) What is sati? What is it's status today?
Sati is the Indian practice of burning to widoe, after her husband dies. Sati does still occur, although (luckily) it is a very rare occurance.

21.) In 1947, the partition of India separated Hindu's and Muslims into two separate nations. Hindu's were allowed to remain in India, while Muslims were forced to move into Pakistan, separating the Indian people into two separate nations.

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