Published: Sun, September 10, 2017
World | By Tasha Manning

Spanish Grammar Book 1-2: Consonants and Vowels (Enrique Yepes, Bowdoin)

H - la hache is never pronounced. Thus, words like Honduras , now and alcohol have no aspiration before the / o / sound.

CH - che is always pronounced as in "cheers": car , eight >.

The hache is not combined with any other consonants: there is no th, sh, ph, gh, etc.
(English "ph" may translate to "f": philosophy, philadelphia, ghost) .

Frequent, crisis.
- Before -e, -i , it is pronounced / s / (as in "sin") in America or /

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) Before -e, -i : cheese, fifteen .

G - > Is pronounced / g / (as in "go") in most positions: gala, drop, glove, globe . - Before -e, -i It is pronounced almost like / h / (as in "hen"): general, gitano . - The / g / sound (as in "get"), is spelled "gu" Mute "u") before -e, -i : war, guitar . If the letter "u" is to be pronounced in a "gue / gui" combination, it is marked with a diaeresis (the diéresis) : penguin, bilingual , Nicaraguan .

The "u" is always mute in this position. Therefore, the word quintet has no / u / sound, and English "quota" and "frequent" translate to quota ​​i> and frequent .

Z - la zeta ​​i> is pronounced / s / in America and / th / in Spain.
Spanish avoids the ze / zi combination and prefers ce, ci : pencil → pencils; Zebra, zenith.

No other consonants are duplicated in Spanish: effective, common, opportunity, impossible , addition .

Spanish has five vowel Sounds - a, e, i, o, u -, pronounced the same way regardless of their position in a word: a . Like the sound in "father": house, soul
e . Like the sound in "let": read, scene
i . Like the ee sound in "leek": thousand, mileage or . Like the aw sound in "lawn": son, sheet u . Like the oo sound in "loom": tú, Honduras is mute in que, qui, gue, gui) i and u are called "weak" (weak or closed) because, in combination with another vowel, are generally pronounced as One syllable: Ruiz, was, gave , have only one syllable. These are considered to be true diphthongs in Spanish -two vowels in one syllable-, as in a gua or vien · to .

And / or> strong and strong and strong Two strong vowels are pronounced as two syllables: or and e has three syllables, c a · or s has two. These are not true diphthongs, since the vowels belong in different syllables.

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