Published: Tue, November 14, 2017
World | By Tasha Manning

Orchis purpurea - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Orchis purpurea is a species of terrestrial habit of the family of the orchids that is distributed by Mediterranean Europe, and northwest of Africa.

Orchis purpurea

Description

The leaves are oblong with a length of 8 centimeters, usually with more or less uniform spots of dark brown purpurea. It also has foliar bracts (between three and four) that wrap the stem in most of its length. The leaves grow from underground nodules that have a maximum size of 6 cm and are ellipsoids.

The stem of the inflorescence that is erect in spike with an oblong shape, leaves the basal rosette of 5 to 10 leaves Oblong lanceolate that are sometimes mottled with purple brown spots. The stem of 7.5 to 12.5 cm in length. It has an oblong bloom with small flowers (8 to 18). The three sepals are the same in dark purple color with scattered stripes of lighter purple near white converging towards the apex. The sepals are overlapped by the sides, forming a slightly curved cap in the center that covers the column.
The lip protrudes below the helmet 3/4 parts is whitish purple color. The trapezoidal labellum has three lobes. The central one presents an indentation not very deep in the apex that divides in turn in two lobes, being all the scalloped and purple color more intense. The central lobe is notoriously larger and wider than the two loops on each side that are slightly arched outward and upward. The entire lip is stained with intense purple speckles. It also has two very small petals that are not appreciated and are inside the flower.
Flowers from March to June. The color can vary from whitish to different shades of pink and purple.

Orchis purpurea was described by William Hudson and published in Flora Anglica 334. 1761. Etymology

These orchids are named after the Greek όρχις " Orchis ", meaning testicle, by the appearance of subterranean tubers in some terrestrial species. The word 'orchis' was first used by Theophrastus (371/372 - 287/286 BC) in his book "De historia plantaarum" (The Natural History of Plants). He was a disciple of Aristotle and is considered as the father of Botany and Ecology.

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Purpurea : Latin epithet that means color Purple , which refers to the purple coloration of the flower.

Orchis purpurea / I> var. alba plant.

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